As we mentioned in previous article, premenstrual syndrome effects over 70% to 90% of women before menopause in US and less for women in Southeast Asia because of their diet. Premenstrual syndrome is defined as faulty function of ovaries related to women menstrual cycle, it effects the women physical and emotional state and sometimes interference with daily activities as resulting of hormone fluctuation. The syndrome happens in one or two weeks before menstruation and then declining when the period starts. In this article, we will discuss what cause PMS breast tenderness.
Breast tenderness effects more than 70% of women in the US alone. Sometimes, it is so painful that some women afraid to be hugged and uncomfortable during sleep.
Caffeine is a stimulant. It contains methylxanthines, a chemical which exhibits the problem of PMS including breast tenderness and breast pain. Reducing intake of foods containing caffeine such as coffee, tea before period may help to reduce the symptoms of breast tenderness and pain.
Prolactin produced abundant by during baby feeding. Hormone prolactin may also be released by during prolong period of stress leading to breast tenderness for some women with PMS.
3. Hormone imbalance
Some women may experience breast changes during menstrual cycle, since the problem is linked to the cycle, it may be caused by the fluctuation of levels of estrogen and progesterone as resulting of hormonal imbalance.
4. Sluggish Liver
Liver is important in fat and protein metabolism. Sluggish liver causes abnormal function of liver in regulating the levels of Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids resulting in increasing the imbalance of levels of PGE2 leading to breast tenderness and pain.
5. Nutrients deficiency
a)Vitamins and minerals deficiency
For what ever reason, women with pre menstrual syndrome are found to have low levels of zinc, vitamin B6 and magnesium leading to over production of levels of PG2 which causes PMS including breast tenderness and pain.
b) Omega 3 fatty acid deficiency
As we mention before, Omega 3 fatty is important to inhibit the levels of PG2. deficiency of Omega 3 fatty acid causes high levels of PG2 in the bloodstream resulting in breast tenderness and pain.
6. Prostaglandins hormone
Balancing of prostaglandins hormone is vital in regulating the uterus muscles during menstrual cycle, if the levels of PGE2 of the prostaglandins is getting too high, it may cause breast tenderness and breast pain for women with PMS.
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